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Turkmenistan Google maps & Wiki

Turkmenistan map

Google maps, detailed facts of Turkmenistan, (ISO: TM) and the capital city, Ashgabat. This page enables you to explore Turkmenistan and its land boundaries in total: 4,158 km. You may also view the border countries of Turkmenistan (total: 4, Afghanistan 804 km, Iran 1,148 km, Kazakhstan 413 km, Uzbekistan 1,793 km with its area of total: 488,100 sq km; land: 469,930 sq km, water: 18,170 sq km through detailed Satellite imagery – fast and easy as never before – with Google maps.

Find comprehensive geographical, economical, environmental, governmental, cultural, scientific, historical and demographical related information below, on the wiki page of Turkmenistan.

In case if you are traveling by car, there is also Street View and free Driving Directions by Google at your service.

Your virtual Sightseeing in Turkmenistan, Asia starts here on this map & Wiki page.


Turkmenistan Google maps & facts

This virtual map shows Turkmenistan, located in Central Asia, bordering the Caspian Sea, between Iran and Kazakhstan with its cities, towns, highways, main roads, streets, Street Views and terrain maps regularly updated by Google.



You are viewing Turkmenistan and its location (Asia), at the geographic coordinates of 40 00 N, 60 00 E, inland counties boundaries and international borders.

Hint: Have a look at the Street view in Turkmenistan, TM. All you have to do is to drag and pull the little yellow man (Pegman) on the Google map above the desired location in Turkmenistan. After that whenever it is available (currently more than 50 countries provided by Google around the word), blue stripes will appear to show the photos and details from Google’s regularly updated data image base.

The map of Turkmenistan, Asia is free, but for informational use only. No representation made or warranty given as to any map or its content by Search Driving Directions.com. User assumes all risk of use of this Turkmenistan Google map and fast facts/wiki page.

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Geographical facts about Turkmenistan including Ashgabat, the capital city of Turkmenistan

Name of the country: Turkmenistan Capital city: Ashgabat
Geographical coordinates of Turkmenistan: 40 00 N, 60 00 E Geographical coordinates of Ashgabat: 37 57 N 58 23 E
Location of Turkmenistan: Central Asia, bordering the Caspian Sea, between Iran and Kazakhstan Continent / area: Asia
The area of Turkmenistan: total: 488,100 sq km; land: 469,930 sq km, water: 18,170 sq km Area comparative of Turkmenistan: slightly larger than California
The elevation data of Turkmenistan: mean elevation: 230 m, elevation extremes; lowest point: Vpadina Akchanaya -81 m, highest point: Gora Ayribaba 3,139 m The climate of Turkmenistan: subtropical desert
Land use of Turkmenistan: agricultural land: 72%; arable land 4.1%; permanent crops 0.1%; permanent pasture 67.8%; forest: 8.8%; other: 19.2% (2011 estimate) Irrigated land: 19,950 sq km (2012)
Geographical notes of Turkmenistan: landlocked country; the western and central low-lying desolate portions of the country make up the great Garagum (Kara-Kum) desert, which occupies over 80% of the country; eastern part is plateau The terrain of Turkmenistan: flat-to-rolling sandy desert with dunes rising to mountains in the south; low mountains along border with Iran; borders Caspian Sea in west
Land boundaries of Turkmenistan: total: 4,158 km Borders countries of Turkmenistan: Afghanistan 804 km, Iran 1,148 km, Kazakhstan 413 km, Uzbekistan 1,793 km
Maritime claims of Turkmenistan: none – (landlocked country)

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Fast facts about Turkmenistan

Are you traveling to Turkmenistan? When you are on the way to explore foreign countries in Asia, it is always good to be aware of the nature of that specific nation and the surroundings, in this case: Central Asia, bordering the Caspian Sea, between Iran and Kazakhstan.

Did you know that the legal system of Turkmenistan is civil law system with Islamic law influences?

When you are traveling around or looking for accommodation in Turkmenistan, you would better know, that (there are in total lengths of roadways total: 58,592 km, paved: 47,577 km, unpaved: 11,015 km (2002)) and the most crowded areas in this country are: ASHGABAT (capital) 746,000 (2015). The urbanization rate in this country looks like the following: urban population: 50% of total population (2015).

The total number of population in Turkmenistan: 5,291,317 (July 2016 estimate) with a population growth rate of 1.13% (2016 estimate) and the most widely spoken language(s) are Turkmen (official language) 72%, Russian 12%, Uzbek 9%, other 7%. In these days, Turkmenistan has to face with a net migration rate of -1.8 migrant(s) / 1,000 population (2016 estimate).

You may find the following ethnic groups in Turkmenistan nowadays; Turkmen 85%, Uzbek 5%, Russian 4%, other 6% (2003).

The right to vote in Turkmenistan can be exercised by the population from the age of 18 years of age, universal and he following ways can earn the citizenship; citizenship by birth: no. Citizenship by descent only: at least one parent must be a citizen of Turkmenistan. Dual citizenship recognized: yes, residency requirement for naturalization: 7 years.

In case if you plan to visit Turkmenistan for shopping, or for business porpuses, it is good to know that the national holidays in Turkmenistan are: Independence Day, 27 October (1991).

Whether you are traveling for business or please, never forget that sometimes there are several risks/hazards on your way; In the case of Turkmenistan, these are the most likely dangers you might face: N/A. What do you think? Are you prepared enough to visit Ashgabat and / or Turkmenistan?

Living with the given conditions, affected by all the civilization and natural harms in Turkmenistan, the population has to face with a death rate of 6.1 deaths / 1,000 population (2016 estimate).

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Travel references about Turkmenistan

To make your travel experience better, you may do it better to understand at least one of the most widely spoken languages in Turkmenistan. Here they are: Turkmen (official language) 72%, Russian 12%, Uzbek 9%, other 7%.

For your local internet searches, use the following TLD: .tm

Do not be surprised, when visiting this country, its climate typically is like this; subtropical desert.

Its capital city is Ashgabat, where the local time zone is UTC+5, which is 10 hours ahead of Washington DC during Standard Time. Note to the timezone in Ashgabat: N/A.

For nature lovers, we do note the following elevation data regarding Turkmenistan; mean elevation: 230 m, elevation extremes; lowest point: Vpadina Akchanaya -81 m, highest point: Gora Ayribaba 3,139 m. The lengths of its total coastline are: 0 km; note – Turkmenistan borders the Caspian Sea (1,768 km) and the length of the land boundaries is total: 4,158 km.

Current environmental issues in Turkmenistan; contamination of soil and groundwater with agricultural chemicals, pesticides; salination, water logging of soil due to poor irrigation methods; Caspian Sea pollution; diversion of a large share of the flow of the Amu Darya into irrigation contributes to that river’s inability to replenish the Aral Sea; desertification.

And again – in case if you missed it-, those natural hazards, that are threatening your journey: N/A.

For your traveling options, there are 26 (2013) airports and 1 (2013) heliports in Turkmenistan all together with 1,300 km (Amu Darya and Kara Kum canal are important inland waterways) (2011) waterways, and roadways in total: total: 58,592 km, paved: 47,577 km, unpaved: 11,015 km (2002).

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Background of Turkmenistan

Like every nation, Turkmenistan also has its historical background, and it has shaped its social, cultural, political and geographical characteristics; Present-day Turkmenistan covers territory that has been at the crossroads of civilizations for centuries. The area was ruled in antiquity by various Persian empires, and was conquered by Alexander the Great, Muslim armies, the Mongols, Turkic warriors, and eventually the Russians. In medieval times, Merv (located in present-day Mary province) was one of the great cities of the Islamic world and an important stop on the Silk Road. Annexed by Russia in the late 1800s, Turkmenistan later figured prominently in the anti-Bolshevik movement in Central Asia. In 1924, Turkmenistan became a Soviet republic; it achieved independence upon the dissolution of the USSR in 1991. Extensive hydrocarbon/natural gas reserves, which have yet to be fully exploited, have begun to transform the country. The Government of Turkmenistan is moving to expand its extraction and delivery projects and has attempted to diversify its gas export routes beyond Russia’s pipeline network. In 2010, new gas export pipelines that carry Turkmen gas to China and to northern Iran began operating, effectively ending the Russian monopoly on Turkmen gas exports. Subsequently, decreased Russian purchases, as well as limited purchases by Iran, have made China the dominant buyer of Turkmen gas. President for Life Saparmurat NYYAZOW died in December 2006, and Turkmenistan held its first multi-candidate presidential election in February 2007. Gurbanguly BERDIMUHAMEDOW, a deputy cabinet chairman under NYYAZOW, emerged as the country’s new president; he was reelected in February 2012 with 97% of the vote, in an election widely regarded as undemocratic. Source: CIA, The World Factbook.

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